Our planet is 75% covered by water – that’s why we’re called the Blue Planet But 97.5% of that water is salt water. We only have 2.5% of freshwater to drink.

Yet, on a daily basis, we use 10 billion tons of freshwater worldwide.

A lot of organizations and environmentalists are saying that our water supply is dwindling but very few take it seriously.

Why should they?

They see water everywhere. But it is a fact that over one billion people in developing countries do not have access to safe drinking water. The USA on the other hand, uses 3.9 trillion gallons of water per month.

According to the World Health Organization, 80% of all diseases in the developing world are water related. By 2025, the United Nation estimates that 30% of the world’s population residing in 50 countries will face water shortage.

Water shortage is a bigger problem today than ever before. Not only are we using up our available supply, our population continues to grow and with it, the demand. Global warming is compounding the problem. Unless we all take it seriously, soon we will have a water crisis in our hands. We will live in a blue planet without a drop of water that’s safe to drink.

What is our average daily water usage?

We use water not just to drink or shower or wash our clothes, we use it through the products we consume too. The average person will need 5 liters of water to drink daily, to survive in a moderate climate with little activity.  An average American uses 100 to 175 gallons of water per day. Globally, we consume around 4  trillion cubic meters of fresh water a year!

Agriculture alone can consume 75 to 90% of a region’s available freshwater. Did you know that 1 ton of grain requires 1000 tons of water? The steak you eat requires 1,232 gallons. I bet that never crossed your mind…

You “eat” water everyday…

That might sound funny, but it’s true. Our water consumption is not just computed by what we use for domestic consumption, but also by the products that we patronize.

The water used for the production of items we use everyday such as cotton, paper, our clothes, etc., amounts to 167 liters daily. The water consumed to produce our food plays an even bigger part in our consumption – it amounts to 3,496 liters a day per person. These invisible water that we consume without knowing about it, is called Virtual Water.

For us to understand how we can help minimize water consumption, in a way that would make a significant difference, we need to understand how we use Virtual Water.

What is Virtual Water?

Very few people know about Virtual Water. We hope to make you aware through our site. Virtual water is the amount of water you use that is not visible to you. It is in the products we buy and a larger chunk is in the food we eat. It was conceptualized by Prof. Tony Allan, to give us an idea how much water is needed to keep us comfortable and feed us.

To simplify, let’s look at Beef. Did you know that the juicy steak you love to eat uses up 15,400 liters of water for every 1 kilo? How? Well, the cow needs to eat 1,300 kilograms of grains for 3 years before it can be slaughtered and produce 200 kilos of beef. Those grains require water to grow, the farm and slaughterhouse needs to be cleaned, the cow needs to drink – all of these adds up to 3,091,000 liters of water! All of that water just to make an innocent looking but delicious steak.

1 kilo of chocolate requires 24,000 liters of water.1 piece of paper needs 10 liters. Unbelievable, right? No one ever thinks about this.

What can you do?

You have the power to reduce the use of virtual water. Conserving the water you use is one way of helping, but watching your shopping basket will make more impact to the effort. Farmers and our advancing technology have devised ways to get more crops with less water. But these efforts are useless if we are not concerned about the amount of virtual water we use through the products we buy.

A meat eating person can consume up to 5000 liters per day. It would help if we cut down on eating meat such as beef and eat more grains, fruits and vegetables. If you have to buy meat, choose those that are grass grown. It is interesting to note that the foods recommended by nutritionists such as vegetables and fruit uses less water to produce than those they are asking to remove from your diet.

If we can be conscious of the products we buy and eat and choose less water intensive products we can make a difference. If manufacturers know that the consumers care, they might make some efforts to reduce their water usage during production. If the USA for example, reduced their meat intake by half, their annual water costs will be reduced by 256 cubic kilometers! How much is that? That’s like filling the empire state building with water 28 times every hour. That’s a big saving.

Increase your awareness on what products are water intensive and not. This can go a long way to ensuring that everyone in our planet will have their share. Every drop you save is precious.

An Yerevanian Citizen

for people like tourists visiting a contry is like to get backup with the rules of country, these stuff are the must terrifiying things when a citizen threw garbage ove the river or on the street. People dont get with rules as supposed to do, in yereva there is trash bin in every 30 meters of other trash bin, but people threw cigarrete andd plastic papers, cans , plastic bags while there is a trash bin.

also for tourists or even the knowing the north korea there is death rule for those who throw trash on the floor, their country is very clean even there is no cigarrete in the floor, the difference in these two countries that in armenia you must pay for the trash you throw, in korea you pay but not money, you pay you lie for a small ciggarete. in yerevan the rivers ffull of trash, streets, Sevan Lake. and other important things. also lets talk about gerorgia, where armenia has forests lakes rivers same to that georgia have it clean, cause georgia does keeps its nature away from ruiners, when last time i was in akhlkalaki, georgia. every where we have gone there were nature departament security, keeping every rock clean and not touched but armenia have them touched and payed for the place you sit. same as to drink water or disturb its cleanessl

incoming sevan lake rivers.

my opinion about All rivers flowing into Lake Sevan and their ecological condition.
Twenty-two big and small rivers flow into Lake Sevan. Among them are Gavaraget, Argitchi, Masrik, Martuni, Dzagnagan. Only one river, Hrazdan, takes up the lake.
The rivers flowing into Lake Sevan bring poor quality water to their lake. According to the Ministry of Nature Protection’s Environmental Impact Monitoring Center SNCO, in July 2014, Masrik River had the worst quality of river deltas. In the list of ecological norms of the 5th class of the Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia, the Masrik River water, due to phosphate ion, has 5 grades in the estuary, poor quality. Let us remind you that the Masrik River crosses the Sotk gold mine.
The Martuni River is in the second place with poor quality water. In the Established section, due to phosphate ion, river water is of 4 classes, insufficient quality.
The middle class of the river of Getabak is the 3rd class water of Sotk, Karchaghbyur, Vardenis, Tsakkar, Cholvak and Gavaraget. Only 2 grades of water quality, good quality, are observed in the entire stream of the Dzinkaht and Argichi rivers.
3 Ecological Lakes for Environmental Protection in the Last Quarter
Sevan is drifting to 43 coastal communities, of which 5 are cities, sewerage. Moreover, the wastewater discharged from Lake Sevan increases year after year. Wl. According to Movsisyan, cleaning and rehabilitation works of Sevan, Martuni, Gavar, Vardenis and Jermuk towns started. “We are negotiating with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development to clean up water supply, sewerage and cleaning issues in 43 coastal communities,” Movsisyan said. For that purpose, the “Pan-Armenian Fund for the Protection and Reconstruction of Sevan Issues” will also be established.
Under the State Program, the level of Lake Sevan is 2029. will reach the height of 1903.5 meters above sea level, which is 3.5 meters higher than it currently is. Vladimir Movsisyan, Chairman of the Commission on Lake Sevan Under the President of Armenia, stated this today, October 6. “This will allow to increase the Sevan’s pure water reserves to 42 billion cubic meters, instead of the current 35 billion.”
As of September 19, Lake Sevan has a negative balance. The level of Lake Sevan this year is lower by 2 cm than the same day of the previous year – 1900.58 m. It is 1900.56 m. As a result of irrigation, the lake dropped from its highest elevation of 1900.91 m this year to 35 cm. It should be reminded that this year it was decided to execute from Lake Sevan more than 100 million cubic meters of the maximum 170 million cubic meters.
Environmentalists alarm: Sevan once again faces a great danger. The reason is that more than 70 million cubic meters of water outlets and Sevan’s fisheries are more than the maximum limit established by the law for 5 years. Experts assure that as a result of this last project, Sevan will be released in the form of 50,000 tons of artificial fodder nitrogen, phosphorous and other chemical mixtures, which will lead to pollution and mudflows in the lake.

Trip to Dilijan

Good evening, one of my best camp in this school was Traveling To Dilijan.  

I woke up late morning at 9:00 morning when we had to move, I rushed in the house to the bathroom to wash face, dress up, and move. I was very lucky that my driver was still there, he knows what to do when I run to him, when I got to school at 9:20 we moved 9:29 I was lucky that I didn’t late. Trip to Dilijan was more than 150 km trip, we had stops many places like Sevan lake, Parz lich, goshavank, and to our last stop our lovely hotel, the food we bought was delicious, important things where more than enough, drinks and food were bought for the trip. When we arrived at our last stop in our hotel, we were tired and ate some hot and fresh potato, when our teacher left at 11 pm. We started a big party until six am, unless I wanted to sleep, but other wont sleep easly, really funny things happened at that night,  

Ask some students what did our driver did at 5 am morning?   or what did girls do until 6 am that we could not sleep? These questions can be easily answered . 

Next day we went to Monte Melkonyan’s army camp  that camp is for smart people that mastering math, good in body structure, and learned Armenian grammar very well, in that army camp they showed us things that people would live in, these rooms like in 5 star hotel,  awesome built sport places, expensive given food like Sweden table, lets say if normal people only buy 1 kg of pork every week because its expensive, but In that army camp they get 25 kg pork every day, that army camp is made for people who love learning, who have life goals in this world. We touched guns like Ak 74, open into small pieces and bring back to normal, they showed their pool with length of 25 meters long and Monte Melkonyan statue that was built in his birthday. That was best army camp I ever saw in my life. Before we went to the army camp. We got to the river and cleaned it up. After all this we went back to our hotel to get rest. Second day we went to AYB school in Dilijan saw their school danced with them and got to walk we visited old mans house  that made his house to museum of wood work. And then we came back to our houses at 5 o clock 

United Arab Emirates

Oil loss and country upgrade of United Arab Emirates was starting from  1972 the first sheikh of seven emirates was Zayed bin sultan al Nahyan, stepping to the new world of arabs, but they have to think about future of  oil loss. U.A.E thinks that may in 50 years of fast loss oil theil upgrade to use of electricity their oil engineers are thinking of electric use for fifty years. But until they arrive to that they have to sell the oil in case to get money but after that their plan is to make all cars work on their plans as electric use regularly. That also goes to weather help, car motion, engineer thoughts, and honor of sheikh khalifa bin Zayed but the ecology of uae is fallen after 60 years, but the thing is that in case of that America will start growing until today America buys oil from all over the word . cause America knows that today the 20th, century  world dies, but the upgrade comes may the world fall but minds of every person is important.

project hyroelectricity

Country: armenia

Location: Syunik province

Date of planning: 1961

Purpose: hydroelectricity

The planning process of the Cascade began just after the Conference of the State Planning Commission held in 1951. In 1954, it was highlighted that with proper infrastructure and careful planning, Armenia’s energetic hydro resources might allow it to become an electricity importer to neighboring  energy deficit areas like Azerbaijan and Iran. It was anticipated that the activation of the Cascade would cut the import of oil products to the country by half. The design work of the Complex began in 1954 and it was constructed between 1961 and 1989. The Tatev hydroelectric power plant (HPP) was completed in December 1970, the Shamb HPP in 1978, and the Spandaryan HPP in 1989. Despite the plans, Azerbaijan was against the import of electricity from Armenia, thus hindering the scheduled renovation and capacity expansion to take place at the end of 1970’s. The Vorotan Cascade continued to supply electricity mainly to non-ferrous metallurgy industry in nearby Agarak. n 2015, ContourGlobal purchased the Vorotan Cascade operating company for 180 million dollars

ecology

Hello there, this is an article for my ecology lesson so, let’s talk about our camping full of knowledge and historical monuments and buildings built from 10 to 17 centuries. As I said, the camping was great and awesome. Our teacher Ms. Marta Asatryan took us to different places in the city called Goris. There was a house of eleventh grade girl, she had us to their house and made our day great with lovely and yummy food. Ok let me start from the beginning. First of all I want to say that I was excited to go to a school camp. My family recommended me to go with the school, so I got ready and bought some new clothes. Then the next day when I arrived at school, I found out that I had left my jacket at home as usual, so I had to go back home and grab my jacket. I came back to school and we set off. As I remember, we passed more than 300 km. The road was in bad condition but our driver drove carefully. We had stops in many places like mountain Amulsar. Now some facts about the mountain. It is a mountain which a British company called Lydian Int. bought, because they have found there more than 179 ton gold. There were some changes in the laws of Armenia which allowed them to explode the mountain and take the gold. Our goal is not let them destroy the nature like pure water of Jermuk, Araks and Vorotan river. Villages and people near the mountain will have illnesses and future kids will have abnormal births and bad deaths because of the air they breathe. I can’t say that if today they sell tomorrow they will buy??? I have to say that what they have done is wrong but what can we do, just talk about it. Ok we have learned that we are the future of our past. That’s why many of us dream of becoming recommendation people to save our nature, maybe I’m from different country but I understand that village people may not understand properly but those people who guilty should be punished by law. I got scared at the moment when I saw the lake was in bad condition, and it smelled very bad. So I want to say that what I have learned is to be a human and not destroy the nature. Thank you.